Create Custom Filter and rerender the component of list

can anyone guide like how can we create custom filters and pass into filter and based on that re-render the list of the records ?

Thank you for your reply

My concern is Like i have created my custom buttons for filters , no need to open filter tab
so while clicking on custom button , i have generated filter payload , but i want to debug that in which function i have to pass that filter payload in the built-in component or adaptors, so that record list can be filtered and re-rendered as per given custom filter payload